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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 back by the military ability and prowess of Skandagupta. \expndtw-1 To use the actual expression of the Bhitari pillar inscrip\-\expndtw2 tion, he "by his two arms shook the earth, when he.... joined in close conflict with the Hunas."\super 1\nosupersub  For the next \expndtw0 few years the country was spared the horrors of their in\-\expndtw2 roads. In A.D. 484, however, they defeated and killed \expndtw10 king Firoz, and with the collapse of Persian resis\-\expndtw7 tance ominous clouds again began to gather on the \expndtw9 Indian horizon. The Huna hordes now poured into \expndtw3 India like swarms of locusts in terrific numbers, and \expndtw6 caused the downfall of the Gupta empire. The leader}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li202\fi1624\ri22\sb4\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx1811 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 of these renewed incursions was\line \expndtw-20 Toramana{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw16 perhaps Toramana, known from}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi1807\ri25\sb7\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the \i '&.djatarangin~^ \i0 inscriptions, and \expndtw5 coins. It is clear from their evidence that he wrested \expndtw0 large slices of the western territories of the Guptas and \expndtw1 established his authority as far as Central India. The \expndtw0 conquest of this region must have been made some time \expndtw5 after G.E. 165=484-85 A.D., when Maharaja Matri-\expndtw9 visnu was ruling there as a vassal of Budhagupta,\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw-4 but it was certainly a \i fait aMotvp/hvithhi \i0 the same genera\-\expndtw1 tion, for the former's younger brother, Dhanyavisnu, \expndtw0 dedicated an image of the Varahaincarnation of Visnuin \expndtw-2 the first regnal year of Toramana, and thus acknowledged \expndtw5 his oveiiordship.\super 3\nosupersub  Indeed, it is likely that the "very \expndtw2 famous battle," in which Bhanugupta's general Gopara-\expndtw4 ja lost his life according to an Eran inscription dated \expndtw3 G.E. 191^510 A.D.,\super 4\nosupersub  was fought against the Huna \expndtw5 conqueror himself. The loss of Malwa was a tremen-\expndtw4 ous blow to the fortunes of the Guptas, whose direct \expndtw0 sway did not now extend much beyond Magadha and \expndtw8 Northern Bengal.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li396\fi0\ri0\sb245\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 1\nosupersub C.IJ.\sub f\nosupersub  \i0 Ill, pp. 54, 55.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li662\fi202\ri2621\sb0\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 no. 19, pp. 88-90. \i\expndtw4 id., \i0 no. 36, pp. 158-61. \expndtw7 ., no. 20, pp. 91-93.}\par }